Labour law mediates the delicate relationship between employers, employee’s organisations, trade unions and government. collective labour law tends to relate to the three tripartite relationship involving employer, employee and union. Individual labour law relates to workers’ rights in the workplace and through the employment contract. Collective laws tend to protect workers from unfair dismissal and discrimination at the workplace. The law is there to ensure that all groups have equal rights and this is why some countries have different laws relating to employment law.
In the United States there are currently seven types of labour laws; however, it varies according to statehood. There is a national law covering workers’ rights and minimum working hours. In addition, there are also state-specific laws covering matters such as overtime pay and minimum wage laws. The national laws cover all employees in the United States, but according to the constitution of each state can modify, define or add to the rights of workers under the constitution.
The National Minimum Wage Act regulates the legally required minimum amount of wages an employer must pay to workers. It also allows for tipped employees to be paid the correct wage based on their regular earnings and is implemented by the National Employment Service Commission. The ILO conventions are international agreements on labour standards. The International Labour Organization and the World Trade Organization are the major bodies that drive the ILO conventions.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a global centre for regional cooperation and policy coordination with regard to ILO convention rights and programmes. The ILO has lead projects in labour policy development providing guidelines for developing and maintaining a decent work check. The ILO is a global organisation established for the expansion of economic cooperation among countries. The ILO conventions bind all member countries to ensure that workers have adequate and effective rights of employment and do not face any discrimination on the basis of race, colour, sex, sexual orientation and age. These rights of employment are guaranteed by law and it is a violation of the law if the stated rights are breached. The ILO is very much part of the United Nations Human Rights Commission.
The legal knowledge on labour laws is very necessary today as more companies are setting up in countries without even having any experience on how to set up an employment environment. This is the reason why legal experts who have the necessary legal knowledge on these matters are essential. With this legal knowledge, one will be able to help protect the interests of their clients and help them establish a decent work life. The skills that an ILO expert has included understanding the ILO conventions and the rights of those who have a right to work and earning wages.
A company that wishes to set up an employment security program for its employees’ needs to follow the employment security program rules. One of these rules is to provide all the workers with a regular and decent working hours. One cannot just hire anyone and tell him or her to work without giving them a break. All the workers must have a break even after working hours so as to give them some time to relax and recharge.
Companies that want to hire people who have a good record and with a continuous good performance at their workplaces should only get their services from those who have a good record and with constant good performance at their jobs. This is very important in ensuring decent work for all the employees and it also ensures that the company will remain competitive. It is very much recommended that all the recruitment agencies should consult a labor lawyer before recruiting any new member to their agencies so as to know the legal rights of the person they are recruiting. The consultation should include a discussion on the terms and conditions of the contract.
The National Minimum Wage Act provides all the workers with a decent working condition. It is recommended that every company should follow this law to have a good working environment. All the workers have the right to be informed of the details of these laws, so that they can take necessary actions according to them. It is also highly recommended that all the recruitment agencies should have a contact person who is well trained and knowledgeable in all the national regulations and labour laws.